Fumiko Hayashida and her daughter, Bainbridge Island, March 30, 1942


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In this image, Fumiko Hayashida (1911-2014), holds her sleeping 14-month-old daughter, Natalie, at an assembly point near the ferry dock on Bainbridge Island. Civilian Exclusion Order No. 1 was issued at Bainbridge Island, ordering 227 residents of Japanese descent to leave with six days' notice. They departed by ferry on March 30, 1942. Hayashida and her family were incarcerated for a year at Manzanar before being moved to the Minidoka concentration camp in Idaho to be closer to relatives and friends. Manzanar and Minidoka were two of ten large camps operated by the War Relocation Authority in which Japanese Americans were incarcerated during WWII. In 2006, Hayashida testified in favor of a proposed memorial for Japanese American incarcerees on Bainbridge Island before a U.S. congressional committee. The Bainbridge Island Japanese American Exclusion Memorial was opened in 2011.

On February 19, 1942, shortly after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and United States entry into WWII, President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, calling for the exclusion of all civilians of Japanese descent from "designated military areas." In March 1942 Japanese Americans living on Bainbridge Island were the first in the country to be taken from their homes by the federal government because they were considered a threat to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on the Kitsap Peninsula. More than 9,000 Japanese and Japanese American people living in the Pacific Northwest were forced into incarceration, most at the isolated Minidoka War Relocation Center in Idaho, until 1945.

Caption information source: http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/obituary-fumiko-hayashida-103-the-face-of-wwii-internment

Caption information also derived from captions written by Post-Intelligencer staff and attached to the back of the photograph


MOHAI, Seattle Post-Intelligencer Collection, PI28050 https://digitalcollections.lib.washington.edu/digital/collection/imlsmohai/id/9192/rec/28

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