This Note explores the possibility of future armed outer space conflict as global powers create and test counterspace weapons. Part I of this Note overviews current space security threats, focusing on China, Russia, Iran, and North Korea’s capabilities. Part II provides a primer on international agreements governing outer space. The 1967 Outer Space Treaty serves as the legal framework for outer space activities; however, it is woefully inadequate in addressing escalating tensions. Finally, Part III provides recommendations and advocates for the United States to revise its position, which seeks voluntary “transparency and confidence building measures.”
Valerie Shmigol, The United States Is Enabling an Outer Space Arms Race: An Overview of the Current Framework and Recommendations for Abating an Outer Space Arms Race, 46 SEATTLE U. L. REV. 175 (2022).