This article discusses protected First Amendment speech and how this protection should be applied to robotic speech. Robotic speech is that created by automated means, currently “bots” but the producers of automated speech are evolving. The article further differentiates between rights of the producers of this speech and listeners or consumers of the speech, and the impact of First Amendment protections on each group.
Helen Norton, Robotic Speakers and Human Listeners, 41 SEATTLE U. L. REV. 1145 (2018).