This Article will define standard of review, trace its origins and evolution, and discuss how the appropriate standard of review is determined. A brief discussion of each standard will follow the general discussion. Finally, suggestions will be made for analyzing standard of review problems. The main point is that standards of review are and should be flexible. Courts must recognize this and must look to the policies behind a standard when they select and apply it in a particular case.
Kelly Kunsch, Standard of Review (State & Federal): A Primer, 18 SEATTLE U. L. REV. 11 (1994).