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The reaction to the Supreme Court's ruling in Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority leaves the decided impression that Garcia is a case of some importance, a milestone in the evolution of the constitutional doctrine of federalism. Whether Garcia will mark a radical shift in the jurisprudence of federalism, with major practical ramifications in the balance of federal and state economic regulatory powers, or whether the case is destined for a quick and unceremonious overruling is a question of some moment. This article evaluates the probable significance of Garcia for the development of the constitutional doctrine of federalism.