In this Article, we critically address several philosophical underpinnings of ethical decision-making that impact persons with psychiatric disorders. We focus our attention, however, upon an admittedly limited target area. Thus, we canvass a select number of significant issues that pose unique problems for humanity. The purpose of these excursions is that of reflection. In brief, we will speculatively examine: (1) the relationship between human rights and the law; (2) the relationship between mental illness and the law (i.e. the rights of the mentally ill); (3) the ethics of involuntary confinement (i.e., taking away and giving back rights to the mentally ill); (4) the ethics of advocating for the rights of the mentally ill; and (5) the philosophical limits of ethical (mental health) advocacy.
Bruce A. Arrigo and Christopher R. Williams, The Ethics of Advocacy for the Mentally Ill: Philosophic and Ethnographic Considerations, 24 SEATTLE U. L. REV. 245 (2000).