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Abstract

This Article traces the development of the nonentity and agency approaches to the treatment of nominee corporations. The nonentity approach had a short lifespan and is of little use today. The agency approach, in contrast, experienced a period of development that resulted in a complex six-factor test that was employed in at least three circuits. When a conflict in the application of the six-factor test developed, the Supreme Court in Commissioner v. Bollinger enunciated a different approach and established a new, more workable standard. This Article explores the limitations of that standard as well as its practical application for planners.