In response to the obstruction by the United States of the Kyoto protocols and its subsequent agreements, American environmental NGOs and state governments have filed a range of lawsuits to force the current U.S. administration, automobile manufacturers, and regulatory actors to combat global warming. This essay first very briefly sketches some of the strategies by litigants to force compliance with Kyoto, an agreement which reflects nearly all of the international community's desire to schedule reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. The essay then describes a strategy that perhaps is the most conventional in terms of international law, but requires a nation which is either desperate enough, or else sufficiently free of U.S. influences to challenge its policy lapses in international tribunals.
Litigating Global Warming: Substantive Law in Search of a Forum, 16 FORDHAM ENVTL. L. REV. 371